Metformin is a common prescription medication prescribed to those with Type 2 diabetes as its primary function is to regulate blood sugar levels. This medication works by inhibiting the amount of sugar absorbed by your body while simultaneously reducing liver glucose production. The primary goal of metformin is to increase your sensitivity to insulin. According to information published by PsychEducation.org, metformin may also be used to treat mental disorders – like bipolar disorder – as well as promoting weight loss due to psychiatric prescription medications.
Metformin and Weight Loss:
Although metformin was not originally designed to promote rapid weight loss, recent studies have found that when this prescription medication is taken alongside regular physical activity and a healthy diet rapid weight loss can occur.
A study published by Redbook magazine found that a total of 80 percent of women who took metformin lost a total of 10 percent of their overall body fat if they followed a lowered-carbohydrate diet plan.
Another study found that 15 out of 19 participants who were prescribed metformin experienced a significant reduction in their body fat with some participants experiencing up to 30 pounds of fat loss.
While researchers are currently researching the exact reason why this medication causes weight loss, it is suggested that by enhancing insulin sensitivity patients are less likely to overeat.
Metformin Side Effects:
Of course, like any other prescription medications metformin has the potential for adverse side effects. Some of the most common – and least severe – side effects include muscle pain, weakness, diarrhea, mild nausea, headaches and vomiting. Some of the more severe, and less common, side effects from taking metformin include: lightheadedness, extreme weakness, uneven heartbeat and difficulty breathing. If you experience any of the more severe side effects, you should seek immediately medical attention as you could be developing a potentially fatal accumulation of lactic acid within your body known as lactic acidosis.
PubMed Health: Metformin